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8/21/22

Meaning and division of occupation

 Meaning of occupation 


An occupation is a business, trade or profession which occupies ones time either permanently or temporary and through which one earns his or her living.
  
An occupation may be acquired through training or education or it may be a natural endowment therefore,  talent. These are referred to as skilled profession or jobs. Example of such occupations are teaching, medical, legal, and engineering profession.

Some occupations do not require any formal education or training but people in such occupations acquire proficiency through  experience and practice. Examples of such occupations are farm labour,  factory hands, cattle rearing, construction labour. An occupation normally attracts commensurate wages or salaries. It is performed for an employer. A self employed man earns an income which is commensurable with his job performance or professional experience. Social occupation like the boys scout and girls guide etc.  Do not always attract any pay. 


What is occupation? Occupation is a way of life chosen by someone that allows them to provide for themselves and their family. Occupations can be anything from being a doctor to being a janitor. Occupations can be very different from one person to the next, and what one person might consider an occupation, another person might not. Occupations can be very rewarding, and can allow someone to provide for themselves and their family in a way that is unique and special. There are a variety of different occupations that exist, and each one has its own meaning and purpose. Some of the most common occupations are doctor, lawyer, teacher, accountant, and engineer. Each of these occupations has its own unique meaning and purpose, and can provide individuals with a great deal of satisfaction and fulfillment.


Division of occupation


In the United States, the division of occupation is a result of the way the country's economy has developed. The country has a strong focus on manufacturing and agriculture, which has led to a large number of jobs in these sectors. However, there are also a significant number of jobs in the service sector, which includes healthcare, education, and retail. The division of occupation is also a result of the country's immigration policy, which has resulted in a diverse workforce.

 


meaning of Occupations
Occupations 


Occupations can broadly be classified into the following :

primary or extractive occupation 

Primary or extractive occupation are occupation concerned with the production of primary products or products that are extracted from nature. That is, the occupation which people practice that lead to the production of such products as yam, cocoa,  groundnut,crude oil good etc. The product are either foods for the people or raw materials for the manufacturing industry. The occupations directly directly involved in producing primary or extractive products include farming, livestock ,fishing, mining etc. 


secondary occupations 


Secondary occupations can be divided into two which is manufacturing and construction occupation. 

Manufacturing occupation 

These are occupations that are engaged in the conversation of primary products or raw materials into finished products. 

For example, conversion of crude oil into petroleum, kerosene, etc. at the refinery, leather into shoes, bags etc. Cocoa  into chocolate.  The occupation involved in manufacturing are as many as the products they produce.  They include petroleum engineering, chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, pharmacy ,publishing ,shoe making. 

Factory hands also play a significant role in the manufacturing industry .Which practice that lead to the production of such products as yam, cocoa, gold, etc.  The product are either food for the people or raw materials for the manufacturing industry .The occupation directly involved in producing primary or extractive products include farming, livestock rearing, fishing, mining etc.


Construction occupation 


These are occupations that are involved in the construction and building of houses, roads, bridges, railways, airport, seaport, masts, etc. 

Occupations associated with construction include civil, mechanical and other types of engineering, architecture, quantity surveying, carpentry, bricklaying and construction labour or site workers.


Commercial or tertiary occupation 


These are the occupations which are directly concerned with making the products/goods produced by the manufacturing occupations available to their final consumers. It involves trade therefore buying, selling and distribution. In addition, it involves other activities that facilitates trade, such as banking, insurance transportation communication and advertising.

The occupations involved includes driving, arts, and designing wholesaling, retailing ,exporting and importing business, banking  insurance, engineering, communication advertising etc. In a developed economy many more people are engage in commercial occupation that in extractive and manufacturing occupations. 


service occupations 


The services workers are those who are not employed in manufacturing, construction or in tertiary industry. They provide services which create conducive environment for carrying out other occupations.

Services occupations can broadly be divided into two ,direct and indirect occupations.

Direct service occupation 


The people in these occupations render personal and direct services to those who employ them and are ready to pay for their service .That is, direct services refer to the occupation which provide services for direct and personal consumption of the individual members of the public who will be ready to pay for such services. 

Those engaged in direct service occupations include domestic workers, teachers,lawyers,doctors  accountants ,tailors, musicians ,and fashion designers .These direct service providers get their pay directly from those who engage them. 


Indirect service occupation 


The term indirect service describe those occupations whose services are not for direct consumption by the public but whose service provide a conducive environment for caring out necessary productive activities in the economy. 

The indirect service providers are directly not paid by the public because the public directly benefits from the services the render.  Those who provide indirect services include the policeman, soldiers, state security servicemen, civil servants, lawmakers etc. 


Factors that affect occupation 


An occupation had been defined as some form of activities which a person is engage in for the purpose of earning a living. The urge to earn a living is the primary factor for going into an occupation. 

It is a known fact that life is almost unbearable for a man who has no means of livelihood .As a result, every one tries to do something or join a profession which will guarantee him a sustainable means of livelihood. However the following factors are the basic factors that affect occupation. 

Education 


Education is an important factor that affects an occupation. With education, a person can go into non specialized occupation like civil service, business trading etc. Also with special education like engineering medicine a person can go into engineering profession, medical practice, pharmacy, architecture etc. 

What is important is to have the relevant educational background for any professional occupation one intends to go into. A minimum level of education should be set for people entering into the labour market .


Training


Training plays a very significant role in preparing one for an occupation. Training is the process of preparing people for a particular job or a process of preparing people to acquire some skills that will make them to be more efficient in doing their job.  Training makes one to be more 
Productive and to be more adaptable in the performance of one's job. 


The level of security


The level of security in a country to a large extent affects the occupation in that country. If there is no security of life and Property, people will not like to go into any occupations. For example, the risk to life as property in some part of the world is fast threatening the performance of any commercial activities in those areas.


Social status and prestige


Some occupations enhance the social status and prestige of those who are in the occupation.  Such occupations are legal profession, medical profession ,architecture ,accountancy and engineering. Some people go into the occupations as a way to uplift their social status and prestige. 


Talents


Talents is a rare God given ability to excel in doing something. For example, Literature work is a product of God given ability ,music, film, acting etc. Those who are successful in literature works like noble professor Wole Soyinka and Chinua Achebe posses the rare ability. Micheal Jackson Possesed a rare talent hence he excel in his career. 


Special skills 


special skills are like talents but expressed in physical ability. Example are the footballers ,also include wrestlers,and boxers.  They go into the occupation because of the special skills they posses. Though later ,they acquire training to be informed and excel. 

The level of economic development 


As mentioned above, the number of people engage in extractive and manufacturing occupation tend to decrease the number of people engage in the tertiary occupation tend to increase as the economy of a country develops. 

This is because people will use more machines and technology in extractive and manufacturing industries .The people who will be affected by the introduction of mechanisation and technology will go into tertiary occupation as a result of increased production of goods and services. 


The level of pay


People are attracted into some occupations because of the high level of pay to the workers . For example, young now rush for work in the oil and gas industry and the banks because of the high wages and salaries in the industry. 


Strong trade union


Some occupations are protected by very strong trade unions ,which regulate the employments,rate of pay and tenure of the individual employee.  This is peculiar to the printing industry, journalism, and engineering profession. 

Inclusion There are many different types of occupations out there, and each one has its own meaning. Division of occupation is a way of classifying these different jobs into groups so that we can better understand their purpose. Here is a look at the meaning and division of occupation.

The meaning of an occupation can be defined as the work that a person does to earn a living. It is their main source of income and usually takes up the majority of their time. The division of occupation is a way of categorizing these different types of work. There are many different ways to divide up occupations, but the most common is by industry.

Industries are the businesses or organizations that produce goods or services. They are the places where people work to earn a living. There are many different industries out there, and each one has its own set of occupations. For example, the healthcare industry has occupations such as doctors, nurses, and therapists. The manufacturing industry has occupations such as assembly line workers and machine operators.


Read related articles :


meaning and types of production


Introduction to commerce


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