Top 10 Lesson learned From the Book “Think Again” by Adam Grant

Think again is a book about how we can all benefit from rethinking our opinions and beliefs. Adam Grant, a professor at Wharton, uses research and stories to show us how to question our assumptions and think more open-mindedly.

One of the most interesting things about the book is how it debunks the idea that there are two types of people in the world: those who are close-minded and those who are open-minded. Grant shows us that we all have the ability to be close-minded or open-minded, depending on the situation. For example, you might be close-minded when you’re trying to protect your beliefs from being challenged, but you might be open-minded when you’re trying to learn something new.

The book also contains a lot of useful advice about how to change our own minds and the minds of others. For example, Grant advises against using arguments when trying to persuade someone to change their mind.

Top 10 Lesson learned From the Book “Think Again” by Adam Grant
Top 10 Lesson learned From the Book “Think Again” by Adam Grant

Lesson 1. Think like a scientist.

A scientist is always in a rethinking loop which enables discovery of new knowledge.

If knowledge is power, knowing what we don’t know is wisdom.

Lesson 2. Develop Confident Humility

Humility isn’t about lack of self-confidence. It’s about being grounded.

Knowing that we are both flawed and fallible. Never losing sight of this reality. Confidence is about self belief.

Lesson 3. Detaching Opinion from Identity

We should avoid becoming too attached to our ideas and our beliefs. We shouldn’t let it become part of our identity.

When we let our ideas become part of our identity, we become hostile to the thought of being wrong.

Lesson 4. Argue about HOW and not WHY

WHY conversations often get emotional and ego led, and people become dismissive of the others.

Once you start discussing HOW, people start noticing the gaps in their knowledge and the flaw in their conclusions and become less argumentative.

Lesson 5. How to win debates and negotiate well

- Instead of attacking to weakest argument, acknowledge their best one

- Focus on fewer but stronger points

- Ask questions

Lesson 6. Changing mindsets through Motivational Interviewing

We can’t motivate people to change. We have a better chance helping them find their own motivation to change.


- Asking open ended questions

- Engage in reflective listening

- Affirming the person’s ability

Lesson 7. Dealing with Polarised Mindsets

People operate with binary mindsets. Everything is black or white.

The solution lies in breaking this oversimplified extreme view by introducing complexity and nuance.

Lesson 8. Rethinking for Kids

The practise of doing multiple drafts instead of just one. Especially in creative projects.

More drafts mean more rethinking, reworking, polishing and fine-tuning. Leading eventually to a higher quality output.

Lesson 9. Learning Organizations

Combining Psychological Safety and Process Accountability to create a learning zone.

Honourable mention — Developing a culture of questioning by encouraging people to always ask “how do we know“.

Lesson 10. Career Planning and Identity Foreclosure

We need to stop asking kids what they want to do when they grow up.

Top 10 Lesson learned From the Book “Think Again” by Adam Grant

The choice becomes part of their identity. We need to encourage them that careers are actions to take and not identities to claim.

You live your life on auto pilot because you don’t know what to do with your life.

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